How Much Water Do I Need?
Well, it comes down to how long you want to
prepare for, and how comfortable you want to be.
to stock at least a 28 day supply. Each person child or adult in your household will
need one gallon of water per day. One half gallon of water each
day for drinking. The other half gallon is for adding to food and
While you can skimp on washing and
cleaning for that first week, over longer periods proper hygiene becomes
an important factor for overall health. Also when it comes children the younger the child the more water they need. Mostly for drinking and cleaning body, clothes, and linens.
Home Water Storage Formula One person - 1g per day - 7g per week - 28g per 28 days (minimum 28 day supply per person)
Number of family members x number of days = Number of gallons of water you should be storing.
2 Family Members x 28 Days = 56 Gallons / 4 Family Members x 28 Days = 112
Considering how cheap and easy water is to store, and how extremely
important it is. Having way more than you think you need is a good thing. When it comes to water you
really can’t have too much, so if you have the space consider storing as
much as you can.
Always store water in a cool, dark place, away from any fuels or
pesticides that could permeate the plastic. Cover it with something
dark, like a black garbage bag, to avoid any contact with sunlight.
Inspect every 6 months for leaks or changes in color.
You’ll want to
rotate your water, as its shelf life will be about 6 to months. Find a practical place to store your water so it's relativity easy to inspect and rotate or empty and refill.
The easiest option for water storage is bottled water. It’s safe and
reliable, already packaged, easy to move, and has the shelf life printed on the side
of the bottle. It can be relatively expensive, though, considering
there’s a virtually free healthier source of water coming from your home tap.
The Harsh Truth About Bottled Water - Must See
Evian (water) spelled backwards is Naive...
If you don’t want to overspend on bottled water, and have some extra
time, you can create your own emergency water supply with large discarded
plastic bottles. Remember to avoid anything
that’s had chemicals in it most of all, also milk & juice. Fats and sugars can be
difficult to fully remove, and can be a breeding ground for bacteria.
Bottled water is crap, use the tap.
Larger Containers Starting At 42 Pounds
Five gallon hard plastic buckets can become expensive, but they are built very sturdy and easy to move around. Each one filled will only weigh 42 pounds. Use buckets that are designed to stack so you use up less floor space. Can store up to 20 gallon in 1 1/5 square feet of floor space.
There are 5, 25, and 50 gallon boxed water that is easy to move and stacks well. Collapsible water bladders is also another option. They come with pouring spouts and in all colors, shapes, and sizes.
Next would be 35 gallon garbage cans or 55 gallon large plastic drums. Something like this would be stored in a garage or basement. They hold a lot of
water and are relatively small foot print for the amount of water they
hold, but are very expansive, super heavy, and hard to stack, so don’t plan on moving them
once they’re filled. I store my water in 32 gallon Rubbermaid garbage cans from
home depot. $16.00 each.
Very Dirty Water
If your water is very dirty and has particles you can see. Before purifying there a few things you need to do. First let the water sit for a bit of time for the large particles to prop to the bottom of your container. Than slowly pour water though a t-shirt, bandana, towel, or coffee filter and into another clean container. Move very slow not to disturb material that has settled on the bottom of the container.
This will filter most larger material and prepare water for purification. Keep repeating till you are comfortable with the look of the water. When satisfied start purification process using one of the following methods.
Using Heat To Purify Water
One way to make water safe to drink is to pasteurize it. Pasteurization is accomplished by heating the water to 65°C (149°F) for a
short period of time. The water is then free from microbes, including
E. coli, Rotaviruses, Giardia and the Hepatitis A virus. Pasteurization
is not sterilization, so although this water is safe to drink, don’t
use it for medical procedures. Pasteurization also does not remove
sediment from your water, which could be greatly reduced by
pre-filtering the water through a cloth prior to pasteurization or
allowing it to settle and skimming the clear water off the top.
Although you’ve probably heard you need to boil your water to make it
safe to drink, the water actually only has to reach 65°C (149°F) which
is NOT boiling temperature to be safe to drink. Boiling is used as a
visual indicator that the water has reached a temperature high enough to
Using Chlorine Tablets To Purify Water
Chlorine dioxide is different from chlorine bleach
and works through oxidation rather than chlorination. These tablets
leave a better tasting water than iodine tablets. Chlorine dioxide tablets’ average shelf life is 5 years and they are
sized to use one tablet per quart or liter (always read the instructions
on any water purification tablets you purchase). Their small size,
relatively long shelf life, and better taste make these a great option
for a bug out bag or emergency home kit.
Water tablets are excellent for home use and bug out bags. Very inexpensive, last a long time,
and work very well in minutes.
Using Bleach To Purify Water
Chlorine (bleach) is another chemical water purification
option. The simplest way to
treat your water with chlorine is to use
regular bleach (sodium hypochlorite).
The directions Red Cross are: First add 16 drops of liquid chlorine bleach per 1 gallon of water, or 8
drops per 2-liter bottle of water. Sodium hypochlorite should be the only active ingredient in
the bleach. There should not be any added soap or fragrances.
Shake container and let treated water sit for at least 30 minutes.
If it smells of chlorine. You can use it. If it does not smell of
chlorine, add 16 more drops of chlorine bleach per gallon of water (or 8
drops per 2-liter bottle of water), let stand 30 minutes, and smell it
again. If it smells of chlorine, you can use it. If it does not smell of
chlorine, discard it and find another source of water.
Bleach will lose its potency over time, so it is best to use bleach that is less than 8 months old. Another way to treat water with chlorine is to use a product like Pool Shock
which is made of granular calcium hypochlorite and has the advantage of
a much longer shelf life than liquid bleach.
A prepper must, always have minumin 2 gallons of beach
Bleach has a limited shelf life. If you’ve been storing bleach
long-term for water purification purposes, there’s a very good chance
that it has lost most of its effectiveness. Here’s a tip to get the most out of your stored bleach.
First, write the purchase date on the bleach bottle, using a black
Sharpie. This will be a reminder each time you see that bottle that you
need to start using it, and replacing it with a new bottle, about 6 or 7
months following the purchase date.
Next, with that Sharpie, write, “8 drops per gallon water, 16
drops cloudy water, Wait 30 minutes” on the bottle. With this information right in front
of you, you won’t be rummaging around looking for these amounts in an
Finally, duct tape an eye dropper to
the side of the bleach bottle. These are very inexpensive online and
are found in drug stores and usually in the over-the-counter medicine
aisle in the grocery store. A handy eye dropper will make sure that you’re using the correct
amount of bleach and you won’t have to resort to using an eye dropper
from another medication.
Household Bleach Survival Uses
Common household bleach is capable of killing microorganisms and many
viruses on contact. When used effectively, regular bleach can be a
vital addition to your urban survive arsenal.
Based on the size of your family keep a adequate supply of bleach on hand at all times. During a long-term disaster, adequate sanitation will rapidly become a
critical health issue. Listed below are some uses for
preserving cleanliness with bleach.
1. Create drinkable water. Any questionable water
can be purged of microbial life by first filtering it through
cheesecloth or even clean t-shirt material to remove larger debris. Purified, it becomes safe drinking water for human consumption.
2. Kill airborne viruses. In the bathroom, kitchen
or sick room, you can use a misting bottle filed with bleach solution to
eliminate germs and viruses. Mix bleach half by half with water, or for
even better results, half with Listerine. Liberally spray the solution
into the air with your squeeze bottle to destroy microscopic pests.
3. Sanitize baby’s eating utensils. Prepare a
solution of one tablespoon of bleach to one gallon of water. After
cleaning with soap and water, submerge baby bottles, nipples and sipping
cups for two to three minutes in the bleach water. Drain and air dry
for germ-free cleanliness.
4. Germproof questionable vegetables and fruit. Wash
off vegetables and then soak them for two minutes in a solution of one
tablespoon of bleach to a gallon of water. Allow fruit and vegetables
to air dry and enjoy them without germs.
5. Ultra clean cutting boards safely. After normal
soap and water cleaning, soak or saturate cutting boards in the bleach
solution for five minutes. Drain and air dry.
6. Remove mold and mildew from surfaces. You can
dissolve mold from tile grout, brick, stucco, siding and other surfaces
by flooding with ¾ cup of bleach per gallon of water. Sponge or spray
on the solution and let it sit for 10 minutes. Scrub lightly and rinse
7. Disinfect garbage pails. Use ¾ cup of bleach per
gallon to flush your trash cans. Spray them inside and out and allow
them to air dry. Use this process to kill germs each time you empty
8. Deodorize thermos bottles and ice coolers. Use 1
tablespoon of bleach to a gallon. After washing with soap and water as
usual, soak the containers in the bleach water for two minutes. Drain
and air dry.
9. Eliminate germs and nasty stains from toilet bowls.
Slowly add water to the bowl to fill it above the stain. Pour in one
cup of bleach and let stand for 15 minutes. Brush and flush. If
needed, repeat the process.